I started an open source project: fseq-flash is a formant sequence editor. Current features include:
- Import AIFF files
- Audition and edit formant sequences in real time
- Vowel- and function-drawing tools
- Export .syx files for the Yamaha FS1R
Click to launch. Press the space bar to play the sound.
You can push your formant sequence to the Yamaha FS1R, using software such as K_Take’s FS1R Editor. Click the “Save .syx” button, and follow the instructions in K_Take’s documentation. This is a lot of fun, and breathes new life into the FS1R.
This project became much deeper than anticipated! The code includes FFT analysis (thanks Gerry Beauregard), pitch detection, a formant detection algorithm, and an AIFF parser to read AIFF files. The interface was a challenge to design and implement, and there are still many unfinished features.
My energy is shifting to other work, so I’ll enhance fseq-flash when time permits.
Here’s something from the vaults. Aquasound was built with these requirements in mind:
- Generate sounds that aquatic animals might make
- Sounds can be “combined” somehow
- Sounds can emote
This was never used in production. I wonder if I could turn this into something? Like a paid iPhone app? ;)
Double-click the envelopes to add/remove control points. Drag lines up & down to change their curviture. The best feature is the “Combine With” dropdown, which splices the current sound with your selection. Also the “Emote” menu will play sounds with different expression.
The audio algorithm is reverse-engineered from my beloved FS1R. I generated formants in two ways (toggle the “Tonal” checkbox to hear both), the “atonal” version is closer to ring modulation than actual formants. It’s more fun if you don’t understand what the controls are doing, but if you insist: Pitch controls the overall pitch of the sound. Freq controls the center frequency of the formant (like a bandpass filter). LFOFreq and LFOWeight control a low-frequency sine wave, which can be applied to other controls via their “___LFOAmt” curves. Amp is amplitude, Width is formant width (think: width of the bandpass filter), Skirt adds distortion. Each voice has two formant generators, check “Formant Active” to enable them.
May all your bloops and crackles be happy ones!
In 1998, the Yamaha Corporation unleashed a product that was convoluted and bizarre like no other: The FS1R Synthesizer.
Like the era-defining DX7, the FS1R is an FM Synthesizer, but it boasts a massive 8 operators per voice, compared to 6 in the DX. And the FS1R sports a new toy, Formant Synthesis, capable of mimicking voices, human and otherwise! Waves and formants can modulate each other in 88 different configurations. Top that off with LFOs, filters, on-board effects… It’s so flexible, and so complicated. So much power.